Binance Coin (BNB) and Canadian Dollar (CAD) Currency ...

How To End The Cryptocurrency Exchange "Wild West" Without Crippling Innovation


In case you haven't noticed the consultation paper, staff notice, and report on Quadriga, regulators are now clamping down on Canadian cryptocurrency exchanges. The OSC and other regulatory bodies are still interested in industry feedback. They have not put forward any official regulation yet. Below are some ideas/insights and a proposed framework.



Many of you have limited time to read the full proposal, so here are the highlights:

Offline Multi-Signature

Effective standards to prevent both internal and external theft. Exchange operators are trained and certified, and have a legal responsibility to users.

Regular Transparent Audits

Provides visibility to Canadians that their funds are fully backed on the exchange, while protecting privacy and sensitive platform information.

Insurance Requirements

Establishment of basic insurance standards/strategy, to expand over time. Removing risk to exchange users of any hot wallet theft.


Background and Justifications


Cold Storage Custody/Management
After reviewing close to 100 cases, all thefts tend to break down into more or less the same set of problems:
• Funds stored online or in a smart contract,
• Access controlled by one person or one system,
• 51% attacks (rare),
• Funds sent to the wrong address (also rare), or
• Some combination of the above.
For the first two cases, practical solutions exist and are widely implemented on exchanges already. Offline multi-signature solutions are already industry standard. No cases studied found an external theft or exit scam involving an offline multi-signature wallet implementation. Security can be further improved through minimum numbers of signatories, background checks, providing autonomy and legal protections to each signatory, establishing best practices, and a training/certification program.
The last two transaction risks occur more rarely, and have never resulted in a loss affecting the actual users of the exchange. In all cases to date where operators made the mistake, they've been fully covered by the exchange platforms.
• 51% attacks generally only occur on blockchains with less security. The most prominent cases have been Bitcoin Gold and Ethereum Classic. The simple solution is to enforce deposit limits and block delays such that a 51% attack is not cost-effective.
• The risk of transactions to incorrect addresses can be eliminated by a simple test transaction policy on large transactions. By sending a small amount of funds prior to any large withdrawals/transfers as a standard practice, the accuracy of the wallet address can be validated.
The proposal covers all loss cases and goes beyond, while avoiding significant additional costs, risks, and limitations which may be associated with other frameworks like SOC II.

On The Subject of Third Party Custodians
Many Canadian platforms are currently experimenting with third party custody. From the standpoint of the exchange operator, they can liberate themselves from some responsibility of custody, passing that off to someone else. For regulators, it puts crypto in similar categorization to oil, gold, and other commodities, with some common standards. Platform users would likely feel greater confidence if the custodian was a brand they recognized. If the custodian was knowledgeable and had a decent team that employed multi-sig, they could keep assets safe from internal theft. With the right protections in place, this could be a great solution for many exchanges, particularly those that lack the relevant experience or human resources for their own custody systems.
However, this system is vulnerable to anyone able to impersonate the exchange operators. You may have a situation where different employees who don't know each other that well are interacting between different companies (both the custodian and all their customers which presumably isn't just one exchange). A case study of what can go wrong in this type of environment might be Bitpay, where the CEO was tricked out of 5000 bitcoins over 3 separate payments by a series of emails sent legitimately from a breached computer of another company CEO. It's also still vulnerable to the platform being compromised, as in the really large $70M Bitfinex hack, where the third party Bitgo held one key in a multi-sig wallet. The hacker simply authorized the withdrawal using the same credentials as Bitfinex (requesting Bitgo to sign multiple withdrawal transactions). This succeeded even with the use of multi-sig and two heavily security-focused companies, due to the lack of human oversight (basically, hot wallet). Of course, you can learn from these cases and improve the security, but so can hackers improve their deception and at the end of the day, both of these would have been stopped by the much simpler solution of a qualified team who knew each other and employed multi-sig with properly protected keys. It's pretty hard to beat a human being who knows the business and the typical customer behaviour (or even knows their customers personally) at spotting fraud, and the proposed multi-sig means any hacker has to get through the scrutiny of 3 (or more) separate people, all of whom would have proper training including historical case studies.
There are strong arguments both for and against using use of third party custodians. The proposal sets mandatory minimum custody standards would apply regardless if the cold wallet signatories are exchange operators, independent custodians, or a mix of both.

On The Subject Of Insurance
ShakePay has taken the first steps into this new realm (congratulations). There is no question that crypto users could be better protected by the right insurance policies, and it certainly feels better to transact with insured platforms. The steps required to obtain insurance generally place attention in valuable security areas, and in this case included a review from CipherTrace. One of the key solutions in traditional finance comes from insurance from entities such as the CDIC.
However, historically, there wasn't found any actual insurance payout to any cryptocurrency exchange, and there are notable cases where insurance has not paid. With Bitpay, for example, the insurance agent refused because the issue happened to the third party CEO's computer instead of anything to do with Bitpay itself. With the Youbit exchange in South Korea, their insurance claim was denied, and the exchange ultimately ended up instead going bankrupt with all user's funds lost. To quote Matt Johnson in the original Lloyd's article: “You can create an insurance policy that protects no one – you know there are so many caveats to the policy that it’s not super protective.”
ShakePay's insurance was only reported to cover their cold storage, and “physical theft of the media where the private keys are held”. Physical theft has never, in the history of cryptocurrency exchange cases reviewed, been reported as the cause of loss. From the limited information of the article, ShakePay made it clear their funds are in the hands of a single US custodian, and at least part of their security strategy is to "decline[] to confirm the custodian’s name on the record". While this prevents scrutiny of the custodian, it's pretty silly to speculate that a reasonably competent hacking group couldn't determine who the custodian is. A far more common infiltration strategy historically would be social engineering, which has succeeded repeatedly. A hacker could trick their way into ShakePay's systems and request a fraudulent withdrawal, impersonate ShakePay and request the custodian to move funds, or socially engineer their way into the custodian to initiate the withdrawal of multiple accounts (a payout much larger than ShakePay) exploiting the standard procedures (for example, fraudulently initiating or override the wallet addresses of a real transfer). In each case, nothing was physically stolen and the loss is therefore not covered by insurance.
In order for any insurance to be effective, clear policies have to be established about what needs to be covered. Anything short of that gives Canadians false confidence that they are protected when they aren't in any meaningful way. At this time, the third party insurance market does not appear to provide adequate options or coverage, and effort is necessary to standardize custody standards, which is a likely first step in ultimately setting up an insurance framework.
A better solution compared to third party insurance providers might be for Canadian exchange operators to create their own collective insurance fund, or a specific federal organization similar to the CDIC. Such an organization would have a greater interest or obligation in paying out actual cases, and that would be it's purpose rather than maximizing it's own profit. This would be similar to the SAFU which Binance has launched, except it would cover multiple exchanges. There is little question whether the SAFU would pay out given a breach of Binance, and a similar argument could be made for a insurance fund managed by a collective of exchange operators or a government organization. While a third party insurance provider has the strong market incentive to provide the absolute minimum coverage and no market incentive to payout, an entity managed by exchange operators would have incentive to protect the reputation of exchange operators/the industry, and the government should have the interest of protecting Canadians.

On The Subject of Fractional Reserve
There is a long history of fractional reserve failures, from the first banks in ancient times, through the great depression (where hundreds of fractional reserve banks failed), right through to the 2008 banking collapse referenced in the first bitcoin block. The fractional reserve system allows banks to multiply the money supply far beyond the actual cash (or other assets) in existence, backed only by a system of debt obligations of others. Safely supporting a fractional reserve system is a topic of far greater complexity than can be addressed by a simple policy, and when it comes to cryptocurrency, there is presently no entity reasonably able to bail anyone out in the event of failure. Therefore, this framework is addressed around entities that aim to maintain 100% backing of funds.
There may be some firms that desire but have failed to maintain 100% backing. In this case, there are multiple solutions, including outside investment, merging with other exchanges, or enforcing a gradual restoration plan. All of these solutions are typically far better than shutting down the exchange, and there are multiple cases where they've been used successfully in the past.

Proof of Reserves/Transparency/Accountability
Canadians need to have visibility into the backing on an ongoing basis.
The best solution for crypto-assets is a Proof of Reserve. Such ideas go back all the way to 2013, before even Mt. Gox. However, no Canadian exchange has yet implemented such a system, and only a few international exchanges (CoinFloor in the UK being an example) have. Many firms like Kraken, BitBuy, and now ShakePay use the Proof of Reserve term to refer to lesser proofs which do not actually cryptographically prove the full backing of all user assets on the blockchain. In order for a Proof of Reserve to be effective, it must actually be a complete proof, and it needs to be understood by the public that is expected to use it. Many firms have expressed reservations about the level of transparency required in a complete Proof of Reserve (for example Kraken here). While a complete Proof of Reserves should be encouraged, and there are some solutions in the works (ie TxQuick), this is unlikely to be suitable universally for all exchange operators and users.
Given the limitations, and that firms also manage fiat assets, a more traditional audit process makes more sense. Some Canadian exchanges (CoinSquare, CoinBerry) have already subjected themselves to annual audits. However, these results are not presently shared publicly, and there is no guarantee over the process including all user assets or the integrity and independence of the auditor. The auditor has been typically not known, and in some cases, the identity of the auditor is protected by a NDA. Only in one case (BitBuy) was an actual report generated and publicly shared. There has been no attempt made to validate that user accounts provided during these audits have been complete or accurate. A fraudulent fractional exchange, or one which had suffered a breach they were unwilling to publicly accept (see CoinBene), could easily maintain a second set of books for auditors or simply exclude key accounts to pass an individual audit.
The proposed solution would see a reporting standard which includes at a minimum - percentage of backing for each asset relative to account balances and the nature of how those assets are stored, with ownership proven by the auditor. The auditor would also publicly provide a "hash list", which they independently generate from the accounts provided by the exchange. Every exchange user can then check their information against this public "hash list". A hash is a one-way form of encryption, which fully protects the private information, yet allows anyone who knows that information already to validate that it was included. Less experienced users can take advantage of public tools to calculate the hash from their information (provided by the exchange), and thus have certainty that the auditor received their full balance information. Easy instructions can be provided.
Auditors should be impartial, their identities and process public, and they should be rotated so that the same auditor is never used twice in a row. Balancing the cost of auditing against the needs for regular updates, a 6 month cycle likely makes the most sense.

Hot Wallet Management
The best solution for hot wallets is not to use them. CoinBerry reportedly uses multi-sig on all withdrawals, and Bitmex is an international example known for their structure devoid of hot wallets.
However, many platforms and customers desire fast withdrawal processes, and human validation has a cost of time and delay in this process.
A model of self-insurance or separate funds for hot wallets may be used in these cases. Under this model, a platform still has 100% of their client balance in cold storage and holds additional funds in hot wallets for quick withdrawal. Thus, the risk of those hot wallets is 100% on exchange operators and not affecting the exchange users. Since most platforms typically only have 1%-5% in hot wallets at any given time, it shouldn't be unreasonable to build/maintain these additional reserves over time using exchange fees or additional investment. Larger withdrawals would still be handled at regular intervals from the cold storage.
Hot wallet risks have historically posed a large risk and there is no established standard to guarantee secure hot wallets. When the government of South Korea dispatched security inspections to multiple exchanges, the results were still that 3 of them got hacked after the inspections. If standards develop such that an organization in the market is willing to insure the hot wallets, this could provide an acceptable alternative. Another option may be for multiple exchange operators to pool funds aside for a hot wallet insurance fund. Comprehensive coverage standards must be established and maintained for all hot wallet balances to make sure Canadians are adequately protected.

Current Draft Proposal

(1) Proper multi-signature cold wallet storage.
(a) Each private key is the personal and legal responsibility of one person - the “signatory”. Signatories have special rights and responsibilities to protect user assets. Signatories are trained and certified through a course covering (1) past hacking and fraud cases, (2) proper and secure key generation, and (3) proper safekeeping of private keys. All private keys must be generated and stored 100% offline by the signatory. If even one private keys is ever breached or suspected to be breached, the wallet must be regenerated and all funds relocated to a new wallet.
(b) All signatories must be separate background-checked individuals free of past criminal conviction. Canadians should have a right to know who holds their funds. All signing of transactions must take place with all signatories on Canadian soil or on the soil of a country with a solid legal system which agrees to uphold and support these rules (from an established white-list of countries which expands over time).
(c) 3-5 independent signatures are required for any withdrawal. There must be 1-3 spare signatories, and a maximum of 7 total signatories. The following are all valid combinations: 3of4, 3of5, 3of6, 4of5, 4of6, 4of7, 5of6, or 5of7.
(d) A security audit should be conducted to validate the cold wallet is set up correctly and provide any additional pertinent information. The primary purpose is to ensure that all signatories are acting independently and using best practices for private key storage. A report summarizing all steps taken and who did the audit will be made public. Canadians must be able to validate the right measures are in place to protect their funds.
(e) There is a simple approval process if signatories wish to visit any country outside Canada, with a potential whitelist of exempt countries. At most 2 signatories can be outside of aligned jurisdiction at any given time. All exchanges would be required to keep a compliant cold wallet for Canadian funds and have a Canadian office if they wish to serve Canadian customers.
(2) Regular and transparent solvency audits.
(a) An audit must be conducted at founding, after 3 months of operation, and at least once every 6 months to compare customer balances against all stored cryptocurrency and fiat balances. The auditor must be known, independent, and never the same twice in a row.
(b) An audit report will be published featuring the steps conducted in a readable format. This should be made available to all Canadians on the exchange website and on a government website. The report must include what percentage of each customer asset is backed on the exchange, and how those funds are stored.
(c) The auditor will independently produce a hash of each customer's identifying information and balance as they perform the audit. This will be made publicly available on the exchange and government website, along with simplified instructions that each customer can use to verify that their balance was included in the audit process.
(d) The audit needs to include a proof of ownership for any cryptocurrency wallets included. A satoshi test (spending a small amount) or partially signed transaction both qualify.
(e) Any platform without 100% reserves should be assessed on a regular basis by a government or industry watchdog. This entity should work to prevent any further drop, support any private investor to come in, or facilitate a merger so that 100% backing can be obtained as soon as possible.
(3) Protections for hot wallets and transactions.
(a) A standardized list of approved coins and procedures will be established to constitute valid cold storage wallets. Where a multi-sig process is not natively available, efforts will be undertaken to establish a suitable and stable smart contract standard. This list will be expanded and improved over time. Coins and procedures not on the list are considered hot wallets.
(b) Hot wallets can be backed by additional funds in cold storage or an acceptable third-party insurance provider with a comprehensive coverage policy.
(c) Exchanges are required to cover the full balance of all user funds as denominated in the same currency, or double the balance as denominated in bitcoin or CAD using an established trading rate. If the balance is ever insufficient due to market movements, the firm must rectify this within 24 hours by moving assets to cold storage or increasing insurance coverage.
(d) Any large transactions (above a set threshold) from cold storage to any new wallet addresses (not previously transacted with) must be tested with a smaller transaction first. Deposits of cryptocurrency must be limited to prevent economic 51% attacks. Any issues are to be covered by the exchange.
(e) Exchange platforms must provide suitable authentication for users, including making available approved forms of two-factor authentication. SMS-based authentication is not to be supported. Withdrawals must be blocked for 48 hours in the event of any account password change. Disputes on the negligence of exchanges should be governed by case law.

Steps Forward

Continued review of existing OSC feedback is still underway. More feedback and opinions on the framework and ideas as presented here are extremely valuable. The above is a draft and not finalized.
The process of further developing and bringing a suitable framework to protect Canadians will require the support of exchange operators, legal experts, and many others in the community. The costs of not doing such are tremendous. A large and convoluted framework, one based on flawed ideas or implementation, or one which fails to properly safeguard Canadians is not just extremely expensive and risky for all Canadians, severely limiting to the credibility and reputation of the industry, but an existential risk to many exchanges.
The responsibility falls to all of us to provide our insight and make our opinions heard on this critical matter. Please take the time to give your thoughts.
submitted by azoundria2 to QuadrigaInitiative [link] [comments]

Best exchange to connect seamlessly to TD?

Hi Guys,
I'm looking for an exchange or service that allows me to exchange Bitcoin into Canadian dollars and then transfer them seamlessly into my bank account with TD in Canada. Any suggestions? Not sure if it's relevant, but I do not live in Canada at the moment.
A bit of context: I have a verified account with Kraken, but they require signing up with Etana to transfer fiat currency in or out, and that didn't work out.
I also have an account with Binance, but they don't have BTC-CAD trading.
Thanks in advance!
submitted by technomad to BitcoinCA [link] [comments]

r/Bitcoin recap - June 2019

Hi Bitcoiners!
I’m back with the 30th monthly Bitcoin news recap.
For those unfamiliar, each day I pick out the most popularelevant/interesting stories in Bitcoin and save them. At the end of the month I release them in one batch, to give you a quick (but not necessarily the best) overview of what happened in bitcoin over the past month.
You can see recaps of the previous months on Bitcoinsnippets.com
A recap of Bitcoin in May 2019
Adoption
Development
Security
Mining
Business
Research
Education
Regulation & Politics
Archeology (Financial Incumbents)
Price & Trading
Fun & Other
submitted by SamWouters to Bitcoin [link] [comments]

Ripple Subreddit Rules, Helpful Links & Answers to Common Questions - READ BEFORE POSTING

You must read our rules before participating in Ripple
Helpful links and answers to common questions will be updated frequently so check back often
 
 
Ripple Subreddit Rules
https://www.reddit.com/Ripple/wiki/rules
 
Helpful Links
Ripple Insights - Top 9 Frequently Asked Questions About Ripple and XRP (Jan 18, 2018)
Ripple’s Ultimate Strategy; why XRP will increase in value
Removing inefficiency of international payments with XRP
Reasons to expect XRP to be the most popular bridge asset
"XRP is competitive now in the USD/MXN corridor"
Ripple's Decentralization Strategy Update
XRP Market Performance
List of Ripple Partnerships and RippleNet Implementations
 
People to Follow
Ripple on Twitter
Brad Garlinghouse, Chief Executive Officer at Ripple
Yoshitaka Kitao, executive chairman, CEO and president of SBI Holdings, Inc.
David Schwartz, Chief Cryptographer at Ripple | aka u/sjoelkatz
Stefan Thomas, Former CTO at Ripple, Co-creator of Interledger. Founder at Coil
Patrick Griffin, Senior Vice President of Business Development at Ripple
Miguel Vias, Head of XRP Markets at Ripple
Warren Paul Anderson, Product Manager, xRapid/XRP at Ripple
 
Hodor's XRP Blog
TplusZero - research & analysis on #XRP
 
Most Discussed Topics and Answers
● The Case Against BankCoin - Banks need an independent digital asset to enable truly efficient settlement
● Ripple Technology → Fast Payments → XRP → Fast Settlement
● Solving the chicken and egg problem - FI's bridging payments with XRP & companies saving money by holding XRP
● Banks hold XRP under a contractual agreement | Build liquidity to bridge payments to raise the demand for XRP
● How the global adoption of xRapid (XRP liquidity tool) would affect the value of XRP
● Besides instant cross-border payment settlement, XRP can capture other use cases, value that doesn't yet exist
● XRP Ledger has numerous technological advantages over blockchain systems that use proof of work
● Ripple is committed to making the XRP Ledger as decentralized as they possibly can
● Quantum-resistant signature schemes - Adding a new scheme is easy and fast
 
XRP Wallets
You need 20 XRP to activate a XRP wallet. Fees can be changed by the validators through the voting process.
The reserve requirement protects the XRP Ledger from spam or malicious usage.
 
When you are sending XRP to an exchange, destination tag is very important.
Destination tag is not needed when you transfer XRP to your own wallet address.
 
● XUMM by XRPL Labs | Developers
XUMM is a free app (iOS and Android) that makes sending, receiving and interacting with the XRP ledger easy & secure.
 
● Ledger Nano S | Tutorial | FAQ | Buy Online | Ripple Recovery Tool
Cryptocurrency Hardware Wallet
When you get your Ledger wallet, you must reset it and get a new set of 24 words seed before using it.
 
● The World Exchange | How to Create a Cold Wallet for Ripple
A free user-friendly and purely client-side wallet
 
● GateHub | Support | Network Statistics
GateHub XRP Web Wallet
 
Tools
Check XRP wallet balance - Bithomp | Graph | Transactions
Print raw information about an account, a transaction or a ledger - RPC Tool
 
Exchanges
The best way to support XRP is to buy/sell XRP directly with your local currency, not with USDT, ETH, LTC, or BTC.
Available XRP pairs - AUD, BRL, CAD, CNY, EUR, GBP, IDR, INR, JPY, KRW, MXN, PHP, RUB, THB, TRY, UAH, USD, ZAR.
You can find the complete list of XRP exchanges and supported XRP/fiat pairs Here.
 
USD - US Dollar
Kraken | Bitstamp | Bitfinex | CEX.IO | Gatehub |
Exrates | Exmo | Mr. Exchange | Bitsane | Sistemkoin | BitBay | Quoine
 
EUR - Euro
Kraken | Bitstamp | Gatehub | CEX.IO | LiteBit.eu | Anycoin Direct
The Rock Trading | Bitsane | BitBay | BitFlip | Bitlish | Quoine
 
KRW - South Korean Won
Bithumb | Upbit | Coinone | Korbit | GOPAX | Coinrail
 
JPY - Japanese Yen
Kraken | Bitbank | Quoine | Mr. Exchange
 
CNY - Chinese Yuan
RippleFox | Ripple China | Fatbtc
 
TRY - Turkish Lira
Vebitcoin | BTCTurk | Koineks | Sistemkoin | Ovis
 
INR - Indian Rupee
Zebpay | Koinex | Unocoin | Bitbns | BuyBitcoin | BuyUcoin
 
AUD - Australian Dollar
BTC Markets
 
THB - Thai Baht
BX Thailand
 
MXN - Mexican Peso
Bitso
 
IDR - Indonesian Rupiah
Indodax | Quoine
 
RUB - Russian Ruble
Exmo | BitFlip
 
ZAR - South African Rend
Altcoin Trader
 
CAD - Canadian Dollar
Kraken
 
UAH - Ukrainian Hryvnia
Kuna | BTC Trade UA | BitFlip
 
GBP - British Pound
Cryptomate
 
BRL - Brazilian Real
Braziliex
 
SGD - Singapore Dollar
Quoine
 
AED - United Arab Emirates Dirham
BitOasis
 
PHP - Philippine peso
CX | Exchange
 
USDT - Tether
Poloniex | Bittrex | Huobi | OKEx | CoinBene | Upbit | HitBTC |
ZB.com | Gate.io | Sistemkoin
 
ETH - Ethereum
Binance | Bittrex | Gatehub | OKEx | OTCBTC | Upbit | HitBTC |
Bitsane | Mr. Exchange | CoinFalcon
 
LTC - Litecoin
Bitsane | Mr. Exchange
 
BTC - Bitcoin
Kraken | Bitstamp | Bitfinex | CEX.IO | Gatehub | Binance | Poloniex | Bittrex |
HitBTC | OKEx | Upbit | Huobi | BTCTurk | BTC Markets | CoinEgg | Exmo |
ZB.com | OTCBTC | Coinrail | Bits Blockchain | Triple Dice Exchange | Indodax |
Exrates | Qryptos | Gate.io | Bitsane | Bitso | Ovis | BCEX | BitBay |
Mr. Exchange | Orionx | CoinFalcon | Abucoins | BitFlip | LakeBTC | Coinbe
submitted by nvok to Ripple [link] [comments]

RE: "How do we keep BTC decentralized (the 51% attack)"

My thread is a response to this thread.
The shortest answer I could give you is that there is a large amount of trust involved in a 51% attack like the one the O.P. describes, but the overall idea is that nobody is economically incentivized to conduct a 51% attack in this day and age. Even when Binance suffered the hack that cost them 7,000 BTC from a hot wallet, CZ obviously had all of the mining pools necessary on speed dial. @CZ_Binance is a Chinese Canadian who spent much of his youth in China, furthermore he probably did so when binance suffered that hack and the pool owners simply didn't want to conduct a "roll back" 51% attack.
Now then, as for 51% attackers that don't own their own pool- it simply can't be done because the most efficient hardware for mining bitcoin is in such high demand that non-institutional (in other words, non-farming) buyers are limited to ordering one or two machines for themselves. I know because I bought an antminer S9 over 18 months ago and it took 3 months to get to my home.
submitted by sgtslaughterTV to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

QuadrigaCX: A history of suspicious activity

This is a compilation of everything suspicious I found with Quadriga. Please let me know if there’s anything incorrect or missing

Early History (2013-2017)
All account fundings are considered to be purchases of QuadrigaCX Bucks. These are units that are used for the purposes of purchasing Bitcoin or other cryptocurrencies. QuadrigaCX Bucks are NOT Canadian Dollars. Any notation of $, CAD, or USD refers to an equivalent unit in QuadrigaCX Bucks, which exist for the sole purpose of buying and selling Bitcoin and other cryptocurrencies.
QuadrigaCX is NOT a financial institution, bank, credit union, trust, or deposit business. We DO NOT take Deposits. We exist solely for the purposes of buying and selling cryptocurrencies.

Banking troubles throughout 2018

Period leading up to Gerry’s death

Gerry’s death and announcement

Chain analysis of the crypto trapped in cold storage

Formal Active Investigations

References:
Quadriga’s History
CCN Article listing suspicious activity
Court Documents
submitted by crashcow51 to QuadrigaCX2 [link] [comments]

The Biggest Scams In The Crypto History: Part 2

Here’s the sequel of our previous article. You wanted — you got it. Let’s roll!
OneCoin
OneCoin is a good example of a Ponzi scheme. In 2015, the Indian company One Coin Limited began to issue digital currency without a blockchain and decentralization. The old-school MLM (Multi-Level Marketing) strategy was used for the distribution of coins.
The company was selling a wide range of training packages on crypto trading, mining and successful life. There were textbooks, presentations, and other rubbish, among which were OneCoin tokens. They were supposed to allow users to get even more tokens. But the thing was that only One Coin Limited had exclusive rights to issue of coinage. So there were no other options for mining this coin.
On the international conference the founder of OneCoin, Ruja Ignatova, presents these tokens as the Bitcoin killer. See how easy it is to fool users?
Over the years, the company has spread its network globally. And only in 2017, the project gets into a number of investigations and restrictions. Owners and employees of the company more and more often could not answer questions from investors and carried on with the nonsense about “a bright crypto-future.”
Finally, regulators and banks in Italy, Germany, Hungary, Belize, Thailand and other countries have banned the trade of OneCoin and warned users not to get engaged with this company.
In early March 2019, the current OneCoin cryptocurrency leader Konstantin Ignatov, brother of Ruja Ignatova, was arrested at Los Angeles airport. He is accused of fraud and creating a financial pyramid.
According to the United States Attorney’s Office, Ignatov and his sister misled investors all over the world, and as a result, the people invested billions of dollars in a fraud scheme. They are accused of building a billion-dollar cryptocurrency company, based entirely on deception.
FBI Assistant Director-in-Charge William Sweeney, Jr. said:
“OneCoin was a cryptocurrency existing only in the minds of its creators and their co-conspirators. Unlike authentic cryptocurrencies, which maintain records of their investors’ transaction history, OneCoin had no real value. It offered investors no method of tracing their money, and it could not be used to purchase anything. In fact, the only ones who stood to benefit from its existence were its founders and co-conspirators.”
Despite all hardships, One Coin Limited continues to work. If you check out their website you will find everything there: a meaningless text about the benefits of a “revolutionary” token and other signs of a high-quality international project that deceives people.
QuadrigaCX
It’s not possible to take your savings to the grave, right? More than 100,000 clients of QuadrigaCX are ready to argue with that. So let’s try to recount the details of this strange story.
QuadrigaCX was created in 2013 and was Canada’s largest cryptocurrency exchange.
In December 2018, Gerald Cotten (founder and CEO of the QuadrigaCX) and his wife — Jennifer Robertson, were in India on their honeymoon. During this trip Cotten suddenly passed away from Crohn’s disease. After his death, it turned out that Gerald was the only one who had access to cold wallets of the exchange platform.
Changpeng Zhao (Binance CEO) comments this situation on Twitter:
“That’s sad. There are many solutions to split private keys or signing to achieve 3/5, 5/7 etc. Never neglect security. Also, never have CEO carry private keys. Bad on many levels.”
On January 25, 2019 (that is, almost two months after Cotten’s death) a special meeting was convened to appoint QuadrigaCX’s new directors. As a result, the inconsolable widow Jennifer Robertson, her stepfather Thomas Beazley and Jack Martel were elected to take charge of a company. By the way, this meeting was held by a conference call as the widow was very busy by hastily selling the property of her deceased husband. Indeed, there was something to deal with: a yacht, a plane, and several houses. Also, dearly departed managed to take care of his Chihuahuas by opening a special trust account for them in the amount of $100,000 (which is interesting, as Cotten did not show such forethought about the clients of his company).
It’s worth to mention that the clients of QuadrigaCX had problems with the exchange for a long time — mainly related to the withdrawal of funds. The first wake-up calls took place in March 2018, when press reports negatively about delays in the withdrawal of funds the total amount of which exceeded $100,000. But that’s all just moonshine compared to the fact that in June 2017 the exchange platform lost about 15 million Canadian dollars — as explained to the community, due to a bug in the smart contract. As a result, the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC) froze about $22 million in QuadrigaCX accounts. This happened in November 2018, and for all users, it would have meant the end of a remarkable business but Mr. Cotten wasn’t explaining the problems to customers, wasn’t trying to solve them, and so on. He had just married and went on a honeymoon trip to pass away exactly two weeks after freezing the accounts.
As the inconsolable widow stated in her testimony:
“To the best of my knowledge, most of the businesses of these companies was being conducted by Gerry whenever and wherever he and his computer were located”.
In February 2019, the head of Coinbase — Brian Armstrong unveiled the results of an independent investigation into the QuadrigaCX. He reported on his Twitter account the following:
“Sequence of events suggests this was a mismanagement with later attempt to cover for it.” “This implies that at least few people inside Qadriga knew that they were running fractional. If so, then it’s possible that untimely death of their CEO was used as an outlet to let the company sink”.
Brian Armstrong stressed that QuadrigaCX users started complaining about problems with withdrawing money long before Gerald Cotten’s death. Thus, the company management decided to invent a story about private keys on the laptop of the CEO to hide the financial insolvency, one of the reasons for which could be inefficient management.
Nowadays, the Canadian cryptocurrency exchange QuadrigaCX is officially bankrupt. Users of the closed Quadriga are now leading legal battles in order to recover their funds. The total amount of which is about $190 million in crypto. The exact circumstances of the disappearance of user deposits remain uncertain.
Do you think the story with QuadrigaCX was Exit Scam or Mismanagement?
Bitfinex
One of the largest crypto scandals of the year broke out on April 30, 2019. The New York State Attorney General’s Office has filed serious accusations against the biggest exchange platform — Bitfinex. According to Leticia James, the exchange platform used the reserves of Tether, an affiliated company to cover up a loss of $850 million.
Questions to Tether have been in the air for a long time. In January 2018, the critics of the main stablecoin assumed that the company, in fact, produced more coins than it actually could sustain. Some critics accused the Bitfinex in fraud and manipulation of Tether’s rate and influenced through it on the price of Bitcoin.
So what’s up with the Bitfinex? Investigators of the prosecutor’s office claim that the lost money belonged to the clients and iFinex corporation. That is why, back in October 2018, Bitfinex started having problems with the withdrawal of the funds: the clients complained about long response time and a delay in receiving currency. According to the authorities, Bitfinex transferred $850 million to Crypto Capital Corp., the payment company. The Tether reserves were used to fill the gap, but this information was not disclosed to the public. According to the first data, Tether provided funding in the amount of at least $700 million for this purposes. Withdrawing this amount of currency severely shook faith in the idea that Tether tokens are indeed fully backed by dollars.
And then Bitfinex had extraordinary difficulties in satisfying the withdrawal demands from the platform since Crypto Capital refused to process withdrawals or simply could not return any funds. One of the senior Bitfinex executives opened a can of worms by writing the following:
“Please understand all this could be extremely dangerous for everybody, the entire crypto community. BTC could tank to below 1k if we don’t act quickly.”
Soon after it was known about the serious accusations against companies, Bitfinex’s users began to panic. They started buying Bitcoin and trying to get rid of their assets in USDT. As a result, BTC was trading $350+ (6.75%) more expensive than the crypto market average.
Tether and Bitfinex published a joint statement on their official blogs in response to the allegations of missing funds. The posts allege that the companies did not receive any preliminary warnings, as well as that lawsuits from the New York Prosecutor General’s Office were “riddled with false assertions”.
According to the latest information, Bitfinex is supposed to release its own token and attract $1 billion in Tether through IEO.
What do you think about these scandals and scams? Tell us your thoughts in the comments below.
Like and share this article if you find it useful. Want more interesting articles on the crypto world? Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook, and Reddit to get Stealthex.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by Stealthex_io to BitcoinCA [link] [comments]

Binance, Paxful partner to bring bitcoin to masses as the latter supports over 300 payment methods

Cryptocurrency exchange Binance and peer-to-peer (P2P) trading platform Paxful have joined hands to bring bitcoin to masses.

The partnership will allow Binance users to utilize Paxful’s platform directly on Binance.com to buy bitcoin (BTC) with 10 fiat currencies - Russian ruble (RUB), Vietnamese dong (VND), Indonesian rupiah (IDR), Nigerian naira (NGN), Colombian peso (COP), British pound (GBP), Mexican peso (MXN), Canadian dollar (CAD), euro (EUR) and Argentine peso (ARS).

In other words, Paxful is now Binance’s another fiat gateway partner, joining the list of Koinal, Simplex, Paxos, TrustToken, Flutterwave and AdvCash. Binance already allows buying of bitcoin via these partners, so how is Paxful’s platform different?

“Unlike other payment gateways, Paxful supports more than 300 payment methods including local currency bank transfers, gift cards, and online wallets. This gives an opportunity for the unbanked and underbanked to be part of a new ecosystem,” Artur Schaback, co-founder and COO of Paxful, told The Block.

He further explained that Nigeria, for instance, has restrictive banking rules. So residents of this country can use gift cards to buy bitcoin via Paxful to fund their Binance accounts.

Paxful said it currently supports 167 fiat currencies on its platform, but for Binance integration, it is supporting the ten fiat currencies for now and could add support for more “in the near future.”

https://www.theblockcrypto.com/post/50281/binance-paxful-partner-to-bring-bitcoin-to-masses-as-the-latter-supports-over-300-payment-methods?utm_source=rss&utm_medium=rss
submitted by FastSellerService to BitcoinInfo [link] [comments]

Cryptocurrency and Blockchain – Industry News – (03.29.19 – 04.05.19)

Total Market Cap, as of 04.05.19 at 3:00pm (PST): USD 176,296,809,504 (+23.01%)

Missed last week’s update? Click here

STORY OF THE WEEK

•Korean exchange Bithumb has been allegedly hacked for 3 million EOS (USD 12.5 million) and 20 million XRP (worth USD 6.2 million).

CRYPTOCURRENCY TRADING SERVICES

•Japanese exchange Coincheck launches a new OTC service allowing traders to purchase 50 or more BTC in a single transaction.
Binance announces Binance Singapore, a fiat-to-crypto exchange to support SGD (Singapore Dollar) onramps. The platform is slated to launch sometime this April.
•Indian exchange Coindelta ceases operations as a result of regulation that has affected cryptocurrency businesses in the country.
BitMEX refunds traders who lost funds as a result of positions being closed due to auto-deleveraging.
Huobi lists Dogecoin (DOGE) and accompanies the newly listed token with a 10M DOGE giveaway.
•Korean exchange Bithumb has been allegedly hacked for 3 million EOS (worth $12.5 million USD) and 20 million XRP (USD 6.2 million).

REGULATION

•Founders of Vancouver based Vanbex Group Inc and Etherparty Smart Contracts Inc are being accused of fraud as a result of an USD 30 million ICO that took place in 2017. The pair allegedly took crowdsale funds which was intended to fund that platform which never materialized. Vanbex has since released a statement denying all allegations.
•The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC), releases a framework that outlines considerations which will help token issuers determine whether a digital asset would classify as a security.
•In what would be Canada’s largest cryptocurrency forfeiture, a Toronto Judge orders a previously identified drug dealer, Matthew Phan, to forfeit USD 1.4 million worth of Bitcoin.
•The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) issues its first ever no-action letter to token issuer Turnkey Jets.

TECHNOLOGY

Coinsquare announces the intention to launch the first ever stablecoin backed by the Canadian dollar dubbed “eCAD”.

INSTITUTIONALIZATION

The Cyberspace Administration of China has approved 197 companies on its list of registered blockchain service providers. Of the 197 companies, major tech giants Baidu (Baidu Blockchain Engine), Alibaba (Alibaba Cloud BaaS) and Tencent (Tencent Blockchain as a Service) made the list.

PEOPLE

•The U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) releases a job posting aiming to hire an Attorney Advisor specializing in cryptocurrency.

TWITTER

@ErikVoorhees - “The US dollar has fallen to 1/5000th of a Bitcoin”
@elonmusk – “Dogecoin might be my fav cryptocurrency. It’s pretty cool”
@krugermacro – “Everybody outside crypto is talking about bitcoin today. From banks to funds to family offices to brokers.”
submitted by Edmund_N to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

FREE Crypto Tax Reporting with CryptoTax International

We have launched CryptoTax International to make tax reporting easier for the users in any country of the world!
So far CryptoTax was available for the taxpayers in Germany and Switzerland as a country-specific crypto tax reporting solution developed and certified by KPMG, one of the “Big 4” major accounting firms. However we see a need for tax reporting in other countries, where we do not offer country specific tax reporting yet. Therefore we have launched a comprehensive tax reporting solution for the users in any country in the world!
The best is that we offer FREE Early Access to CryptoTax International, for which you can sign-up here.

Tax reports

Our goal is to assist our users in all situations arising from any activity related to cryptos. Hence our solution covers every transaction you could have as a crypto investor, trader or user:
What you get is a comprehensive set of reports with categorized summaries and transaction statements.
You can find an example report here.

Data import

We feel the pain in getting in all the data, trading is much more fun than tracking, right? Hence we make the import process as easy as possible, while preserving high data quality required for tax reporting.
With CryptoTax you can directly import your data from 20+ exchanges including:
We also continuously add new exchanges and you can use our template to add transactions from any source.

Report in your local currency

We partner with CoinMarketCap to provide the most comprehensive and reliable set of exchange rates for 8.000+ crypto assets.
CryptoTax also support 30+ fiat currencies for automated conversion and reporting in your local currency:

Our goal is to make the tax reporting of cryptos easy and let you focus on things that make more fun!

Your CryptoTax Team
submitted by CryptoTaxNow to CryptoCurrency [link] [comments]

Numerical, A-C 10k-50k

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cripplingalcoholism criterion CriticalTheory Crittersoncapybaras croatia crochetpatterns CrohnsDisease cromch CroppedNorrisJokes CrossfitGirls CrossView CrowdPulledOnStage crtgaming Cruise Crunchyroll CrusadeMemes crusadersquest crypto_currency Crypto_General CryptocurrencyICO CryptocurrencyICOs cryptocurrencynewico cryptography CryptoSoul CryptoTechnology CryptoTrade CryptoTradingFloor Cryptozoology Crystals cs50 csbooks CSEducation CSeventVODs csgobetting csgomarketforum csgotrade csMajors CSRRacing2 css_irl csshelp Cthulhu cuba CubeWorld Cubs CucumbersScaringCats cuddlebuddies CuddlePuddle cuddleroll CulinaryPlating CulinaryPorn CultCinema cults culturalstudies Cumberbitches Cumtown cuntsdownunder Cuphead curb curiosityrover curiousvideos curlsinthesquatrack Currentlytripping cursed_cats cursedcursedcomments cursedgifs custommagic CustomPlayerCutscene cute CuteButHorrifying cutegirlgifs cutekorean cutelittlefangs cutenoobs CuteTraps cutouts cvsreceipts cyanogenmod Cyberbooty 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submitted by j259awesome to u/j259awesome [link] [comments]

New to COSS? Check this out!

About myself: I am a crypto enthusiast just like many of you and I am very passionate about what I do. As many of you are new to the crypto space, it is like the Wild Wild West. I will list out a few points about the good, the bad, and the ugly.
(Update 1-11-2018) New engine update - Fast loading time! The team resolves problem lightning fast!
(Update 1-12-2018) UI Round #2: https://i.imgur.com/fXKOZde.png
(Update 1-17-2018) COSS team is aware of the limit order issue and has refunded everyone's losses during the 5 hour trading period. To compensate for the loss, COSS will allocate 100% of fee split for the next two weeks.
General FAQ
Q. What is COSS?
A. COSS stands for Crypto-One-Stop-Solution and represents a platform, which encompasses all features of a digital economical system based on crypto-currencies, e.g.: website payments, seller tools, a marketplace, financial modules, e-wallets, coin facilities, a mobile platform for iOS and Android (and this list can be extended in the future). The full spectrum of the COSS services is available on www.coss.io.
Q. What are COSS Token(COSS)?
A. COSS Token are the Exchanges ERC20 Tokens. They generate COSS Bonuses, which sit within the smart contract. As of now, 50% of the revenue is shared with COSS token owners. See my calculations below. If there are any questions or corrections needed, please feel free to PM or reply to the post and I will adjust it.
https://docs.google.com/spreadsheets/d/11Q8w-kziVT61BUPr8qOECW6fFLCFT9eQxlvQ1hfaFgg/edit?usp=sharing
(Update) - see this page for calculation: https://www.cosscalc.com/
Q. What are the fees on COSS?
A. All users start with a standard trading fee of 0.2% and as trading volume increase, the fee gradually declines to as low as 0.04%. See terms and conditions: https://coss.io/terms-and-conditions COSS Analysis / Review
For the newcomers to Bitcoin/Cryptocurrency, I like security tokens. I like them a lot. There are not many of them around. A big chunk of this space looks like the South Sea Bubble, where investors were promised great returns on projects that were too impossible to make happen.
The interesting thing about crypto is that it is software. In software, it is easier to make the impossible happen. It's truly yesterdays dream are today's reality. Right now exchange released tokens are pretty hot, Binance has BNB (not a security), Kucoin has Kucoin Share (does share on profit), and Cobinhood (does NOT share on profit). The explosive price increase on these tokens makes sense to me as these are real products with real users, real profits, and real traction. As larger exchanges are closing registrations, I'm expecting to see more people using these smaller exchanges.
How advanced is the project? [The Good]
COSS was created back in May 2016 and since then, the COSS platform has been developed and registered in Singapore as a company. In April 2017, COSS launched their exchange beta. The volume was not significant Q4 2017. The platform had big ideas, however COSS aimed to accomplish too much with their limited resources. For example: COSS aimed to become a one-stop platform including exchange, payment system, merchandising and so forth. Until recently, they have finally decided to move forward by focusing on the exchange.
That being said, COSS has strong growth potential with increasing daily trading volume and market cap and will eventually be noticed once their platform is fully functional. Key exchanges are struggling to keep with the scaling of new users to their platform. Binance has closed off registration to new applicants for several days and reopened on January 7, 2018. Bittrex has major customer support issues with no apparent end in sight. Other midcap exchanges are struggling to keep up as well. Additionally, a lot of users are avoiding KYC exchanges to avoid possible tax penalties. Underdogs (like KuCoin, Cobinhood, 0x etc.) have experience significant surges in value in the market in recent months.
The latest development is that they have released their new UI and strengthen performances within their exchange.
See link: https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DTGqvC6U0AEn7jC.jpg ||| https://pbs.twimg.com/media/DTGqvDNU0AM5C0z.jpg COSS Exchange Performance Issues [The Bad]
First of all, for newcomers, the major tokens such as Bitcoin and Ethereum is experiencing network congestion. Confirmation takes much longer to handle. Secondly, with political factors from china, mining has been banned, pushing miners to move/phase out of China slowly. This will affect the transaction process as well, at least it will show in the near future. Lastly, they are using 3 types of wallets: HOT, WARM and COLD Wallets. For security reasons, the deposits and withdrawals take a much longer period of time as per the confirmations of the blockchain.
Risk association with security law [The Ugly]
If a token is backed by an asset or has an expectation of profit, it is classified as a security. If the tokens are owned (meaning You, the Token Hodlers) by US, Canadian, or other persons in non-crypto-friendly jurisdictions, they are in violation of securities laws. Thus, if you issue a security, regardless of where you are domiciled, you need to permission your blockchain such that US/Canadian/Other investors cannot hold them, which would require KYC vetting as a prerequisite for each address on the network. If you violate securities, there is risk -that is my point. Regulators have shut down companies that violate laws and will continue to happen for issuers that attempt to circumvent securities law (e.g. PlexCoin). For this reason, the regulatory risk is too high for this class of investors. The issuer could get creative and use nested smart contracts to facilitate the distributions, but keep in mind this doesn't mean the issuer is compliant, even if smart contracts are immutable.
I hope this post helps you understand COSS Token a little bit more. Enjoy the crypto roller coaster and be careful with your investments. HODL!
Disclaimer: This is not a trading advice. I am not associated with COSS in any way. I am just an average Joe trader much like everyone else. I am maintaining some positions in COSS because I believe it is going to do very well given the amount of effort the COSS development team has put in and the growth it is experiencing.
submitted by noobpudge0 to CossIO [link] [comments]

FREE Crypto Tax Reporting with CryptoTax International

We have launched CryptoTax International to make tax reporting easier for the users in any country of the world!
So far CryptoTax was available for the taxpayers in Germany and Switzerland as a country-specific crypto tax reporting solution developed and certified by KPMG, one of the “Big 4” major accounting firms. However we see a need for tax reporting in other countries, where we do not offer country specific tax reporting yet. Therefore we have launched a comprehensive tax reporting solution for the users in any country in the world!
The best is that we offer FREE Early Access to CryptoTax International, for which you can sign-up here.

Tax reports

Our goal is to assist our users in all situations arising from any activity related to cryptos. Hence our solution covers every transaction you could have as a crypto investor, trader or user:
What you get is a comprehensive set of reports with categorized summaries and transaction statements.
You can find an example report here.

Data import

We feel the pain in getting in all the data, trading is much more fun than tracking, right? Hence we make the import process as easy as possible, while preserving high data quality required for tax reporting.
With CryptoTax you can directly import your data from 20+ exchanges including:
We also continuously add new exchanges and you can use our template to add transactions from any source.

Report in your local currency

We partner with CoinMarketCap to provide the most comprehensive and reliable set of exchange rates for 8.000+ crypto assets.
CryptoTax also support 30+ fiat currencies for automated conversion and reporting in your local currency:
Our goal is to make the tax reporting of cryptos easy and let you focus on things that make more fun!
Your CryptoTax Team
submitted by CryptoTaxNow to cryptotaxation [link] [comments]

Market Making Dogecoin on Exchanges

Hello,
My name is Rosa, I'm the Business Development Manager for ARBIT Corporation. I was also part of the CAVIRTEX operations team. I am reaching out to you because we are investors of your coin and hold it in our portfolio. We notice you trade on BINANCE, DIGIFINEX, BITTREX, and POLONIEX, and we want to help increase your volume and generate some revenue for you with our market making arbitrage as partners. We invest our own AUM to match a loan from you to increase liquidity around the world. We have done this for 7 other coins already totalling $220 Million in trading volume in 3 years (results shown in PDF).
ARBIT is a private Canadian Company founded in 2015 that conducts global arbitrage and market making services. Our team has over 20 years of combined experience dating back to 2011, when we launched the first Canadian Bitcoin Exchange CAVIRTEX. We later sold to KRAKEN.COM. Our CEO Joseph David appeared before the Canadian Senate to pave the way for Canadian Regulations (https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=v-aBJm9SerE&t=1s). We have a 12 person team and $3M in AUM, and we are rapidly growing. We trade on 13 exchanges and 2 DEX's across 5 Fiat Currencies and 25 Crypto Currencies totalling over 200 order books. We have robots that trade 24/7 that are managed by our team. We are one of the few companies that are revenue positive, even in the sea of red that crypto has experienced lately.
We have a PDF presentation and a video that I can share. Are you interested in viewing the video and increasing DOGE volume.
Thank you,
Rosa Arbit Corporation Business Development Manager
submitted by rosebot35 to dogecoin [link] [comments]

The Biggest Scams In The Crypto History: Part 2

Here’s the sequel of our previous article. You wanted — you got it. Let’s roll!
OneCoin
OneCoin is a good example of a Ponzi scheme. In 2015, the Indian company One Coin Limited began to issue digital currency without a blockchain and decentralization. The old-school MLM (Multi-Level Marketing) strategy was used for the distribution of coins.
The company was selling a wide range of training packages on crypto trading, mining and successful life. There were textbooks, presentations, and other rubbish, among which were OneCoin tokens. They were supposed to allow users to get even more tokens. But the thing was that only One Coin Limited had exclusive rights to issue of coinage. So there were no other options for mining this coin.
On the international conference the founder of OneCoin, Ruja Ignatova, presents these tokens as the Bitcoin killer. See how easy it is to fool users?
Over the years, the company has spread its network globally. And only in 2017, the project gets into a number of investigations and restrictions. Owners and employees of the company more and more often could not answer questions from investors and carried on with the nonsense about “a bright crypto-future.”
Finally, regulators and banks in Italy, Germany, Hungary, Belize, Thailand and other countries have banned the trade of OneCoin and warned users not to get engaged with this company.
In early March 2019, the current OneCoin cryptocurrency leader Konstantin Ignatov, brother of Ruja Ignatova, was arrested at Los Angeles airport. He is accused of fraud and creating a financial pyramid.
According to the United States Attorney’s Office, Ignatov and his sister misled investors all over the world, and as a result, the people invested billions of dollars in a fraud scheme. They are accused of building a billion-dollar cryptocurrency company, based entirely on deception.
FBI Assistant Director-in-Charge William Sweeney, Jr. said:
“OneCoin was a cryptocurrency existing only in the minds of its creators and their co-conspirators. Unlike authentic cryptocurrencies, which maintain records of their investors’ transaction history, OneCoin had no real value. It offered investors no method of tracing their money, and it could not be used to purchase anything. In fact, the only ones who stood to benefit from its existence were its founders and co-conspirators.”
Despite all hardships, One Coin Limited continues to work. If you check out their website you will find everything there: a meaningless text about the benefits of a “revolutionary” token and other signs of a high-quality international project that deceives people.
QuadrigaCX
It’s not possible to take your savings to the grave, right? More than 100,000 clients of QuadrigaCX are ready to argue with that. So let’s try to recount the details of this strange story.
QuadrigaCX was created in 2013 and was Canada’s largest cryptocurrency exchange.
In December 2018, Gerald Cotten (founder and CEO of the QuadrigaCX) and his wife — Jennifer Robertson, were in India on their honeymoon. During this trip Cotten suddenly passed away from Crohn’s disease. After his death, it turned out that Gerald was the only one who had access to cold wallets of the exchange platform.
Changpeng Zhao (Binance CEO) comments this situation on Twitter:
“That’s sad. There are many solutions to split private keys or signing to achieve 3/5, 5/7 etc. Never neglect security. Also, never have CEO carry private keys. Bad on many levels.”
On January 25, 2019 (that is, almost two months after Cotten’s death) a special meeting was convened to appoint QuadrigaCX’s new directors. As a result, the inconsolable widow Jennifer Robertson, her stepfather Thomas Beazley and Jack Martel were elected to take charge of a company. By the way, this meeting was held by a conference call as the widow was very busy by hastily selling the property of her deceased husband. Indeed, there was something to deal with: a yacht, a plane, and several houses. Also, dearly departed managed to take care of his Chihuahuas by opening a special trust account for them in the amount of $100,000 (which is interesting, as Cotten did not show such forethought about the clients of his company).
It’s worth to mention that the clients of QuadrigaCX had problems with the exchange for a long time — mainly related to the withdrawal of funds. The first wake-up calls took place in March 2018, when press reports negatively about delays in the withdrawal of funds the total amount of which exceeded $100,000. But that’s all just moonshine compared to the fact that in June 2017 the exchange platform lost about 15 million Canadian dollars — as explained to the community, due to a bug in the smart contract. As a result, the Canadian Imperial Bank of Commerce (CIBC) froze about $22 million in QuadrigaCX accounts. This happened in November 2018, and for all users, it would have meant the end of a remarkable business but Mr. Cotten wasn’t explaining the problems to customers, wasn’t trying to solve them, and so on. He had just married and went on a honeymoon trip to pass away exactly two weeks after freezing the accounts.
As the inconsolable widow stated in her testimony:
“To the best of my knowledge, most of the businesses of these companies was being conducted by Gerry whenever and wherever he and his computer were located”.
In February 2019, the head of Coinbase — Brian Armstrong unveiled the results of an independent investigation into the QuadrigaCX. He reported on his Twitter account the following:
“Sequence of events suggests this was a mismanagement with later attempt to cover for it.” “This implies that at least few people inside Qadriga knew that they were running fractional. If so, then it’s possible that untimely death of their CEO was used as an outlet to let the company sink”.
Brian Armstrong stressed that QuadrigaCX users started complaining about problems with withdrawing money long before Gerald Cotten’s death. Thus, the company management decided to invent a story about private keys on the laptop of the CEO to hide the financial insolvency, one of the reasons for which could be inefficient management.
Nowadays, the Canadian cryptocurrency exchange QuadrigaCX is officially bankrupt. Users of the closed Quadriga are now leading legal battles in order to recover their funds. The total amount of which is about $190 million in crypto. The exact circumstances of the disappearance of user deposits remain uncertain.
Do you think the story with QuadrigaCX was Exit Scam or Mismanagement?
Bitfinex
One of the largest crypto scandals of the year broke out on April 30, 2019. The New York State Attorney General’s Office has filed serious accusations against the biggest exchange platform — Bitfinex. According to Leticia James, the exchange platform used the reserves of Tether, an affiliated company to cover up a loss of $850 million.
Questions to Tether have been in the air for a long time. In January 2018, the critics of the main stablecoin assumed that the company, in fact, produced more coins than it actually could sustain. Some critics accused the Bitfinex in fraud and manipulation of Tether’s rate and influenced through it on the price of Bitcoin.
So what’s up with the Bitfinex? Investigators of the prosecutor’s office claim that the lost money belonged to the clients and iFinex corporation. That is why, back in October 2018, Bitfinex started having problems with the withdrawal of the funds: the clients complained about long response time and a delay in receiving currency. According to the authorities, Bitfinex transferred $850 million to Crypto Capital Corp., the payment company. The Tether reserves were used to fill the gap, but this information was not disclosed to the public. According to the first data, Tether provided funding in the amount of at least $700 million for this purposes. Withdrawing this amount of currency severely shook faith in the idea that Tether tokens are indeed fully backed by dollars.
And then Bitfinex had extraordinary difficulties in satisfying the withdrawal demands from the platform since Crypto Capital refused to process withdrawals or simply could not return any funds. One of the senior Bitfinex executives opened a can of worms by writing the following:
“Please understand all this could be extremely dangerous for everybody, the entire crypto community. BTC could tank to below 1k if we don’t act quickly.”
Soon after it was known about the serious accusations against companies, Bitfinex’s users began to panic. They started buying Bitcoin and trying to get rid of their assets in USDT. As a result, BTC was trading $350+ (6.75%) more expensive than the crypto market average.
Tether and Bitfinex published a joint statement on their official blogs in response to the allegations of missing funds. The posts allege that the companies did not receive any preliminary warnings, as well as that lawsuits from the New York Prosecutor General’s Office were “riddled with false assertions”.
According to the latest information, Bitfinex is supposed to release its own token and attract $1 billion in Tether through IEO.
What do you think about these scandals and scams? Tell us your thoughts in the comments below.
Like and share this article if you find it useful. Want more interesting articles on the crypto world? Follow us on Medium, Twitter, Facebook, and Reddit to get Stealthex.io updates and the latest news about the crypto world. For all requests message us at [[email protected]](mailto:[email protected]).
submitted by Stealthex_io to Anarcho_Capitalism [link] [comments]

BQT The Best P2P Exchange Base on Blockchain

Introduce about BQT
While many Blockchain specialists are trying to find more ways to marry CRYPTO with FIAT, the MB believes in reducing its dependence on FIAT altogether. Each Crypto property has its value and can be used as a negotiating tool to get another Crypto property. They believe that the need to acquire Crypto’s desired assets can be realized with significant provision of various Crypto assets and negotiated directly by the trader.
The Exchange BQT platform provides a secure, interactive and flexible P2P transaction environment and a user-friendly interface for managing different types of transactions including multiple encrypted assets. The management platform allows global traders to negotiate their Crypto property transactions directly interacting with each other and share their experiences with the community. To take advantage of the shares of many different Crypto Assets, BQT introduces the Hedge Transaction System. Unlike Margins and Futures Trading, the Hedge Trade system is a flexible way for Traders to acquire Crypto assets for a short period of time by depositing their existing Crypto accounts. Service
Many projects and companies have emerged to provide products and services that facilitate the use of e-money for key users and build infrastructure for applications that run on blocking blocks. public. While the electronic money industry consists of many important actors and groups, there are four major electronic money industries today:
Exchange Wallet Payment companies Mining 
Exchange
Exchange is one of the first services to emerge in the electronic money industry: while the first exchange was established in early 2010 as a project that allowed users to early trade bitcoin and thereby market price. In today’s world, Crypto Exchanges offers the service of buying and selling electronic money and other digital assets for the national currency and other electronic money and plays an essential role in the electronic money economy. by providing a market for liquidity and price discovery. Exchange P2P broker
In the last few weeks of March 2018, localbitcoins and other trading volume on the P2P platform have witnessed a sharp increase in miscellaneous markets, with global volume rising to 75 million USD per week. Canadian and European P2P markets are producing record volumes. BTC / IDR transactions generated a record IDR 580 million weekly in March on Localbitcoins, while Vietnam’s P2P transaction produced the second highest volume with an increase of 3.725 billion VND. Binance element succeeded
Out of the ICO, Binance has rapidly grown in popularity by creating a much simpler approach to trading and now it is a real alternative for Bittrex and other major trading platforms. Some Binance items have proven to increase market acceptance:
a. Become independent exchange FIAT as well, a legal aspect associated with it. b. Allows your traders to quickly open accounts to trade. c. Use your own token for use with transaction fees with a 50% discount. d. List multiple Post-ICO ERC20 tags and transaction pairs showing Blockchain’s promise of innovation and use of tokens. e. Allows large daily withdrawals and quick deposits from multiple coin wallets / different tokens.
Commercial fence capabilities
While many Blockchain specialists are trying to find more ways to marry CRYPTO with FIAT, the MB believes in reducing its dependence on FIAT altogether. Each Crypto property has its value and can be used as a negotiating tool to get another Crypto property. They believe that the need to acquire Crypto’s desired assets can be realized with significant provision of various Crypto assets and negotiated directly by the trader. In addition, they believe that the market now requires a capability to protect their encryption assets in a short time to get other Crypto shares.Although difficult to implement margin trading and options in real P2P environments, the Team BQ has developed an innovative and powerful tool that allows traders to create short-term hedge transactions. . Number of active users
The number of active users of the current electronic wallet is estimated to be between 2.9 million and 5.8 million, according to a new report from the Cambridge Alternative Finance Center.
Although it is almost impossible to know exactly how many people use electronic money, using data obtained from study participants and assuming that an individual holds an average of two wallets, the Financial Center Cambridge estimates that 2.9 million to 5.8 million users are using electronic wallets in 2017.
submitted by dra31ke to CryptoMarkets [link] [comments]

BQT: Social P2P Crypto Exchange

About the project
The aim of BQT is to create a community and culture of Crypto Traders utilizing the Platform, serving to the community and taking advantage of the community. BQT Exchange Platform provides secure, interactive and versatile P2P commerce atmosphere and easy interface for its community to manage numerous kinds oftransactions consisting of the many crypto assets. BQT platform permits traders globally to barter their Crypto plus trades directly interacting with one another and sharing their expertise with the community.To leverage holdings of assorted Crypto Assets, BQT introducing the revolutionary Hedge Trades system. not like Margins and Futures commerce, BQT Hedge Trade system may be a versatile technique for Traders of feat Crypto Assets for a short-run amount by means that of written agreement of their existing Crypto holdings. This revolutionary approach permits Crypto Traders leverage their Crypto Holdings to accumulate a major varietyof extra Crypto Assets they believe while not a desire of a conventional margin trade.
Many projects and companies have emerged to provide products and services that facilitate the use of e-money for key users and build infrastructure for applications that run on blocking blocks. public. While the electronic money industry consists of many important actors and groups, there are four major electronic money industries today:
Exchange Wallet Payment companies Mining Exchange
Exchange is one of the first services to emerge in the electronic money industry: while the first exchange was established in early 2010 as a project that allowed users to early trade bitcoin and thereby market price. In today’s world, Crypto Exchanges offers the service of buying and selling electronic money and other digital assets for the national currency and other electronic money and plays an essential role in the electronic money economy. by providing a market for liquidity and price discovery.
Exchange P2P broker
In the last few weeks of March 2018, localbitcoins and other trading volume on the P2P platform have witnessed a sharp increase in miscellaneous markets, with global volume rising to 75 million USD per week. Canadian and European P2P markets are producing record volumes. BTC / IDR transactions generated a record IDR 580 million weekly in March on Localbitcoins, while Vietnam’s P2P transaction produced the second highest volume with an increase of 3.725 billion VND.
Binance element succeeded
Out of the ICO, Binance has rapidly grown in popularity by creating a much simpler approach to trading and now it is a real alternative for Bittrex and other major trading platforms. Some Binance items have proven to increase market acceptance:
a. Become independent exchange FIAT as well, a legal aspect associated with it. b. Allows your traders to quickly open accounts to trade. c. Use your own token for use with transaction fees with a 50% discount. d. List multiple Post-ICO ERC20 tags and transaction pairs showing Blockchain’s promise of innovation and use of tokens. e. Allows large daily withdrawals and quick deposits from multiple coin wallets / different tokens.
Commercial fence capabilities
While many Blockchain specialists are trying to find more ways to marry CRYPTO with FIAT, the MB believes in reducing its dependence on FIAT altogether. Each Crypto property has its value and can be used as a negotiating tool to get another Crypto property. They believe that the need to acquire Crypto’s desired assets can be realized with significant provision of various Crypto assets and negotiated directly by the trader. In addition, they believe that the market now requires a capability to protect their encryption assets in a short time to get other Crypto shares.Although difficult to implement margin trading and options in real P2P environments, the Team BQ has developed an innovative and powerful tool that allows traders to create short-term hedge transactions.
Number of active users
The number of active users of the current electronic wallet is estimated to be between 2.9 million and 5.8 million, according to a new report from the Cambridge Alternative Finance Center.
Although it is almost impossible to know exactly how many people use electronic money, using data obtained from study participants and assuming that an individual holds an average of two wallets, the Financial Center Cambridge estimates that 2.9 million to 5.8 million users are using electronic wallets in 2017. BQTX TOKEN STRUCTURE AND ICO BONUSES
800,000,000 BQTX TOKENS ISSUED 800 BQTX TOKENS = 1 ETH 600,000,000 Tokens will be frozen and would only be released as needed for company expansion, Marketing and Loyalty Programs to maintain token liquidity (up to 10% per year).
submitted by mcmc2012 to CryptoCurrencyTrading [link] [comments]

How to Deposit Bitcoin To Binance Sinhala Best Crypto Exchanges To Buy Bitcoin & Trade ... Bitcoin Trading Philippines for Beginners Tutorial 2020 ... How to Buy Bitcoin (BTC) on Binance!  UPDATED 2019 Guide ... Best Way To Buy Bitcoin Instantly (I Ditched Coinbase ... How to deposit and withdraw on Binance - YouTube QuadrigaCX and Binance Tutorial - How to trade Bitcoin and Alt Coins - Canada

What is the price of 1 Bitcoin (BTC) in USD on Binance today? 1 Bitcoin equals $15594.08 in USD on Binance. Last updated at 07 November 2020, 00:59 UTC. Use the Bitcoin calculator for more currency conversions or get the conversion rates of other exchanges Binance worked well for me, when I funded it with Eth back in the summer. I then exchanged it for Iota. The Iota wallet is strange. It needs to be constantly upgraded and others say they can lose their stash if they don’t get the seed right when they upgrade. On binance, your exchange wallet gets upgraded often. No big deal if you plan on ... This Binance Coin and Canadian Dollar convertor is up to date with exchange rates from October 18, 2020. Enter the amount to be converted in the box to the left of Binance Coin. Use "Swap currencies" to make Canadian Dollar the default currency. Click on Canadian Dollars or Binance Coins to convert between that currency and all other currencies. Binance Coin (BNB) Canadian Dollar (CAD) Other ... While TD Bank has revised its policies and stopped allowing customers to purchase cryptocurrencies using its credit cards, some major banks in Canada still allow crypto credit card transactions ... Binance is a cryptocurrency exchange that’s been gaining momentum over the past few months. Here’s our Binance review. What Is Binance? Binance, found online at Binance.com, is a popular cryptocurrency exchange currently sitting in the top 20 exchanges by volume.. The exchange has particularly strong volume in pairs like NEO/BTC, GAS/BTC, ETH/BTC, and BNB/BTC. To buy or sell with fiat currency on Binance: Go to the Binance website; Login or create an account; Click “Buy Crypto” from the navigation bar at the top of the screen; Select your payment method out of: “Credit/Debit card” (usually fastest), “Third-party payment” (usually cheapest) or “P2P crypto exchange” (good for CNY purchases). Choose whether you want to buy or sell ... Binance, the global blockchain company behind the world’s largest digital asset exchange by trading volume and users, today announced a new fiat gateway that provides deposit service for 15 fiat currencies through a partnership with Etana Custody.Etana Custody Ltd. is a secure, trusted, and high-performance third-party custodian of fiat and digital assets for institutional clients and ... How much is 1 Bitcoin in Canadian Dollar? 1 Bitcoin equals $17819.19 in CAD 1 Canadian Dollar equals to 0.000056 BTC Last updated at 04 November 2020, 06:37 UTC. Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency or cryptocurrency, without a central bank or any country directly affiliated to it. There is no official ISO currency code for Bitcoin, however BTC and XBT are commonly used. The currency ... The Canadian Central Bank wanted to understand why and whether people see Bitcoin as a currency or an investment. A two-year study and survey was conducted that began in 2016 and aimed to better assess the use, acceptance and knowledge of Bitcoin in Canada. Bitcoin As An Investment. The main reason for owning Bitcoin has changed in the last two ...

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How to Deposit Bitcoin To Binance Sinhala

Bitcoin Sinhala Tutorials: https://bitcoinsinhala.com අද video එකෙන් කතා කරන්නෙ binance exchange එකට කොහොමද bitcoin deposit කරන්නෙ ... Learn the basics of Bitcoin Trading in Philippines for beginners. In this video I will show how to Buy and Sell or Trade btc to other altcoins. I will also s... In this video, I walk you through how to buy bitcoin on Binance step-by-step. I show you how to deposit bitcoin to Binance exchange and then how to trade bit... The best way to buy bitcoin instantly with fiat currency, in my opinion, is on Cash App (affiliate): https://cash.app/app/JWNRGTX Or, you can enter the invit... IN today's video we take a look at how to Use Binance , specifically, how to deposit and withdraw on the Binance Exchange. I've set up a new Telegram group f... In this video i show how to transfer Bitcoin from QuadrigaCX to Binance, and then Use that Bitcoin to buy some Tronix! Sign up here for Binance : https://www... 🎥: Top 4 Exchanges To Buy Bitcoin & Cryptocurrencies For Beginners! 🚩: Binance Exchange (My Favourite): 👉 https://www.binance.com/en/register?ref=RMY9N5F0

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